Robots are machines that perform both simple and complex tasks. They are often automated and are a substitute for human effort. In recent times, robots have played a key role in the manufacturing industry. Increasing demand for goods has resulted in the need for mass production within the industry. The volume produced by large businesses and companies is too much for human workers to cope with, thankfully robots have taken up the task and have proved to be effective.
Through technology, these revolutionary inventions have created a massive shift in the industry and they have evolved increasing the already wide range of things they can do.
Robots In Manufacturing
They are several reasons that support the use of robots in the industry. A robot can effectively produce goods with consistent accuracy that people can not. They can be automated creating manufacturing systems that function both day and night. You never need to worry about robots being tired.
The kinds of tasks that a robot performs will be determined by several reasons such as;
- The brand
- Stricture and architecture
- Its ability to collaborate
- The type of movement
Different Types Of Robots
There are many different types of robots and they perform many tasks. However, there are 6 main types of robots
These are characterised by their rotary joints that make a wide range of movement possible. Their range of motion makes them move in precise and controlled movements.
These move in three different axes. Their range of motion makes simple movements that can be repeated with accuracy. They are known for their precision and are suitable for assembly and picking up and moving objects.
They are also referred to as rectilinear robots or gantry robots.
They are not cylindrical but they work in a cylindrical area. They are made up of a single robotic arm. This arm moves upwards, downwards and around. Cylindrical robots are good for commonly used for the assembly of products, spot welding and handling.
These were among the first robots to be used in factories. They are fairly complex and require movements in a 3D space which gives it a spherical work area.
Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm (SCARA)
They have human-like wrists that can move both in horizontal and vertical movements. Its limitation in movement makes it ideal for various tasks such as packing and assembly
These are robots that are characterized by their spider-like movements. They are particularly handy in industries such as pharmaceutical, and food production. They work with a unique level of precision and speed.
Uses Of Robots In The Manufacturing Industry
Robots have a wide range of uses but each type of robot is specific to a particular set of tasks. Some of these tasks include;
Robots handle different materials and for various reasons. Some materials are too heavy to be handled by people, while others are dangerous or too volatile to be handled by staff.
Robots are very steady and can handle sensitive goods and products with ease. They also have the added advantage of performing tasks repeatedly without losing precision, accuracy or consistency.
These are processes that often require very high temperatures. With temperatures that can be as high as 6500 Fahrenheit, having robots handle the heat is a safer and more effective alternative.
Welding also requires a degree of stability which humans do not have. When metal pieces are being joined it requires an accuracy that exceeds skill. Robots can be accurate consistently and thus producing quality products.
For generations, assembly was done by people in factories. To avoid human errors, robots are now being used because of their ability to produce more products within a short time. They also do not need breaks, they can works for hours without being fatigued or producing lower-quality materials.
Some robots are specifically designed to dispense whatever is required. Whether it is adding glue to a surface or spraying paint, the robots will handle it. A useful advantage is their precision will ultimately produce a consistent result and minimal wastage.
Certain products must undergo different processes. When products need to go through processes like polishing or sawing, these robots handle the tasks. Different robots will handle these tasks based on simplicity or complexity.
Niches In The Manufacturing Industry
Automotive – Robots in this industry have assembled parts of locomotives. They also test product quality.
Health – Certain tasks require accuracy that may not be achieved if performed by people. Robots can create products with the precision and accuracy that makes all the difference.
Food Processing – Defects in food can have serious effects on the consumers. A robot can test the quality of the food and detect defects using sensors and other sophisticated technology.
Agriculture – Production of organic food is tedious and can be a long process if it were left to people. Robots help ease the burden and also reduces the cost of production. It is becoming increasingly popular to use automated robot systems in food production
Electronic Manufacturer – The demand for electronics in recent times has increased. Thanks to the increasing use of robots in the industry, production can increase and therefore meet the demand. In some factories, these robots work with humans side by side.
Reasons For Using Robots In The Manufacturing Industry
Efficiency – Robots show a remarkable degree of production efficiency. Robots are reliable to handle a wide range of tasks and performing them well.
Cost – In large businesses and companies, robots are a worthwhile investment. The returns justify the cost and in the long run, it can boost sales.
Flexibility – Robots perform a wide range of tasks. They can be depended upon to achieve complex tasks. They can work both and night if programme that way making them very useful.
Wrapping It Up
Robots are a revolutionary invention that will constantly change the manufacturing industry. They have generally boosted production and made life better for many. Their prices vary based on the type and application but they are a worthy investment for manufacturing companies.